Most Exploited Natural Resources on Earth – Throughout the mankind history, it’s fair to say that natural resources exploitation has been a crucial condition of human existence. In order to produce any materials needed to preserve human population growth, we often have manipulated the natural resources itself. It’s not really surprising if we found countless cases of natural resources exploitation nowadays, but do you know what is exploited the most?
Any underground sources of water typically can be replenished gradually through rain or any water filtering from natural environment. Somehow, water is one of the most exploited natural recourses all around the world. It continuously being polluted and exploited, causing human to have to dig and search for other water sources, importing water from other countries and simply consuming plastic bottled water.
Over 80% of rural water wells are already polluted in China. Located in the top of water level, it’s safe to say that Mexico City is literally sinking at the moment due to being absorbed till dry in order to feed demand. In Middle East areas, extreme water stress already occurred due to severe drought for some years. More than half populations of the world are expected will be living in areas with similar situation.
Without any doubt, trees have been providing crucial roles for human life, such as mitigating floods, providing food, absorbing carbon, filtering water creating and regulating ecosystems, as well as protecting people from extreme weather and droughts. Somehow, trees are literally in danger now. This issue has been a serious matter, maybe even more serious than online gambling games invasion which is increasingly spreading on the internet like https://multibet88.online site.
More than half of the rainforests in the world have been cut down in the last century. Shockingly, around 50 football fields are responsible to the loss of trees each minute. Meanwhile, 20% gas emissions of global greenhouse is estimated came from either cutting down or destroying trees.
3. Palm oil
Since it’s versatile and cheap, we can say that palm oil is one of the most common vegetable oil on earth. People like to use it for daily products like chocolate, bread, margarine, soap or even lipstick. On the other side, palm oil is actually causing large ecological harm in many countries where this source is harvested.
Malaysia and Indonesia are the top two palm oil producer countries where this natural source is enormously unregulated, which often drains many tropical forests. That’s surely not an ideal condition and tends to endanger many species.
In fact, there are many more exploited natural sources on earth, but those three are the most exploited and yet most important natural sources.
An integrated natural resource management (abbreviated as INRM) is a process of management of natural resources in a way that is considered systemic. The method involved in this system includes a variety of aspects of use of natural resource (economic, sociopolitical, and biophysical), the completion of production goals of producers and other direct users (risk aversion, profitability, and food security) and also goals of the wider community (decrease in poverty, the wellbeing of the next generations, and the conservation or the environment). Integrated natural resource management emphasizes on the sustainability of the resources and incorporation of all stakeholders, which may lead to decrease in possible conflicts in the future. INRM has a conceptual basis that has evolved recently through a collection of research in a wide array of areas including land use sustainability, participatory planning, integrated watershed management, and adaptive management. INRM is practically used in an extensive way and has been proven to be successful in natural management, either on regional or community levels. A variety of frameworks and computer models has been developed to help with the management of natural resource. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is one of those frameworks. It is a powerful tool to help with analysis. It is able to overlay datasets to identify links.
The GIS uses a bush regeneration scheme that can be fed with data such as overlay of rainfall, cleared land, and erosion. Metadata Directories such as NDAR in Australia provides information on Australian natural resources such as water, soils, fisheries, and vegetation. The only limitation to these is the potential for subjective input and access to data manipulation. The Natural Resources Management Audit Frameworks, on the other hand, is designed by the. The framework was published specifically to help with the management of natural resource and to support the formation of a performance audit role in the governance of natural resource management on regional level.
The audit framework is established based on other audit methodologies that are more established, including performance audit, internal audit, and environmental audit. The audits that have been undertaken with use of this framework will provide assurance for stakeholders, help with the identification of areas that need improvement, and describes policy expectations for the public in general. The Australian Government has also formed a framework meant to audit greenhouse emissions and energy reporting, which goes along with Australian Standards for Assurance Engagements.
There are a lot of other factors, aspects, and elements involved in natural resource management. Biodiversity conservation is included in this matter. It is an issue that is supposed to be an important element in the matter of natural resource management. Biodiversity is a term referring to a comprehensive concept that includes a description of the extent of natural diversity. Biodiversity also means the variety of life and is related to an array of different types of biodiversity organization. The United Nations is attributed with the first to popularize the term and the widespread use of its definition in 1992. There is also precautionary biodiversity management. Biodiversity is in constant danger for being threatened by several things including climate change, the invasion of alien species, forest deforestation and deforestation, and habitat fragmentation. These threats are being observed by environmentalists and the general public and because of that the precautionary biodiversity management has been an integral part of natural resources management. Concrete policy tools are also important to natural resource management. Policy making in this case depends on evidences, is related to proofs of high standard, and has a lot of things to do with information and monitoring requirements.
In natural resources management, there are four ways to manage precaution of biodiversity. Ecosystem-based management is related to management that is more precautionary and risk-averse. Adaptive management pertains to approaches that can handle a complex system’s uncertainty and dynamism. Environmental impact assessment can reduce the uncertainties of precaution. Protectionist approach deals with the conservation of biodiversity. Land management is crucial to support a sustainable environment. In order to do so, appropriate strategies are required. In land management, there are some key points to take into account. Understanding the processes of nature such as soils, water, and ecosystem is one of those points.
In order that land manager and people can continue on managing land, there are ecological principles to follow. All of those principles are related to the landscape people are interacting with, disturbance, species, place, and time. Land managers should inspect the impacts of decisions made locally in a regional context and their effects on natural resources. The managers should also plan a long term change and prepare for unexpected events. They must do everything to help preserve rare landscape elements and species associated with them. Lastly, land managers should avoid using land in a way that can deplete natural resources.
Nowadays, our natural resources are threatened and most of the wildlife is in danger while the world’s temperature is increasing due to the climate changes. So, what have you done to keep our world better for now and our next generation? Involving and donating to the World Wildlife Fund For Nature is another thing you can do to make our planet smiles. If you are wondering what does World Wildlife Fund do? This following article will explain to you.
World Wildlife Fund For Nature is one of the world’s leading natural resources organization and conservation which helps to conserve ecological and natural processes by ensuring sustainable use of natural resources, preserving biodiversity, resources, and energy and campaigning the reduction of pollution. Widely known as a non-profit environmental organization, World Wildlife Fund For Nature is trying to create a solution for serving nature and people. This organization has run in 100 countries and is supported by more than one million activists spreading out in the United States and five million activists worldwide. They work in a unique way by combining global reach with a science foundation, taking an action at every level from local to international, delivering every innovative solution.
Moreover, World Wildlife Fund for Nature works to conserve the most important forests around the world, protect healthy marine and oceans livelihoods, secure and maintain clean water for people and nature, safeguard the most important wildlife and species on the planet and give double net food availability. Besides, they also operate worldwide in giving the best solution globally including Amazon, Borneo & Sumatra, Congo Basin, Arctic, Northern Great Plains, Coral Triangles, The Galapagos, as well as Eastern Himalayas. Together partnership with governments, businesses, foundations, communities, and individuals, we can preserve and conserve all the world’s most important natural resources.