Impacts of Natural Sources Exploitation in Nigeria – As a country with large population, Nigeria unsurprisingly has a poor economic foundation. If we look at what natural sources Nigeria has, it’s actually fair to assume they should’ve not been that poor economically, but exploitation has changed it all. Not only it makes them poor economically, exploitation definitely leaves some impacts too. Here are the most seen impacts of natural sources exploitation in Nigeria.
1. Impacts of Petroleum Exploration
In the earlier 1970s, Nigeria as one of the most developing countries at that time was committed to accelerated natural exploitation as one of the ways to stimulate economic growth. As a result, around 20 years since the oil exploration was started at 1976, this activity has been such a habit in the country. No wonder that as one of the oil sources, petroleum has been hugely exploited.
Despite making remarkable development in economic sector, petroleum leaves many negatives impacts to environment such as gas flaring, erosion, loss of soil fertility, loss of farms, extensive deforestation, oil spills, effluents disposal and discharge, contamination of rivers and streams, intensive exploitation, and not to mention many conflicts between hos communities and oil companies.
2. Impacts of Mining on Physical Environment
Without any doubt, mining sector is the second largest cause of pollution just behind agriculture. This very sector typically generates high concentration of effluents and waste, as well as intensive resource. Although this sector is a common practice in Nigeria, that doesn’t mean mining doesn’t leave any negative impacts.
The clearest thing is that actually miners in Nigeria don’t ally have proper mining practices, which clearly just make life more difficult for them and other people. Their low level of education is one of the reasons why their environmental obligations are often the main cause of damaged physical environment. There are never any proper mining practices.
3. Impacts of Deforestation
No matter where the country is, deforestation has always been a serious problem. Since 1990, Nigeria has loss over 37% their forest cover due to deforestation, making it becomes 3,4% rate of forest loss every year since. Between 1990 and 2005, Nigeria has been regularly losing up to 12% of their primary forest in every year due to deforestation. Surely that’s more than just a serious problem for Nigeria.
It’s really heartbreaking when a country with rich natural sources like Nigeria has to deal with the impacts of their of natural sources exploitation. Surely the government needs to work harder to save the country.