The management of natural resource is a term that refers to the management of resources available naturally. Included in this are animals, plants, soil, water, and land. The management in question has a focus on how it may affect the quality of life for generations of both the present and the future. The management of natural resource pertains to the management of the way of interaction between natural landscapes and people.
The topic covers a broad spectrum of matters including the future sustainability of certain industry sectors forestry, fisheries, tourism, mining, as well as biodiversity conservation, water management, and land use planning. This particular subject of natural resource management acknowledges that there is a connection between people and their livelihoods and the productivity and health of the landscapes—as a matter of fact, the former relies a lot on the latter. The way people manage and care for the land holds an important impact in the maintenance of said productivity and health.
The management of natural resource is a subject whose specific focus lies on an understanding of both scientific and technical natures of ecology and resources and those resources’ capability of supporting life. Natural resource management is in many regards similar with environmental management. Natural resource management, in terms of academic contexts, is closely related to the sociology of natural resources but it is a distinct entity altogether.
The management of natural resource is an issue of great complexities. There are many aspects involved with it including geography, plants, animals, climate, hydrological cycles, ecological cycles, and many more. These aspects are dynamic and they are related with one another. When just one of those aspects is affected in any way, the impacts would be consequential and may last long. Sometimes, the effects coming off said changes might even be irreversible.
The management of natural resource does not only concern natural systems. It can also pertain to a variety of stakeholders and the interests they may have, economic implications, geographical boundaries, politics, policies, and tons other subjects. That being said, it is almost impossible to meet all requirements all at the same time. And this may be a cause for a string of conflicting situations. The United Nations Conference for the Environment and Development was held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. Following the Conference, a substantial amount of nations adopted new guidelines to create an integrated management of forest, water, and land.