An integrated natural resource management (abbreviated as INRM) is a process of management of natural resources in a way that is considered systemic. The method involved in this system includes a variety of aspects of use of natural resource (economic, sociopolitical, and biophysical), the completion of production goals of producers and other direct users (risk aversion, profitability, and food security) and also goals of the wider community (decrease in poverty, the wellbeing of the next generations, and the conservation or the environment). Integrated natural resource management emphasizes on the sustainability of the resources and incorporation of all stakeholders, which may lead to decrease in possible conflicts in the future. INRM has a conceptual basis that has evolved recently through a collection of research in a wide array of areas including land use sustainability, participatory planning, integrated watershed management, and adaptive management. INRM is practically used in an extensive way and has been proven to be successful in natural management, either on regional or community levels. A variety of frameworks and computer models has been developed to help with the management of natural resource. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is one of those frameworks. It is a powerful tool to help with analysis. It is able to overlay datasets to identify links.
The GIS uses a bush regeneration scheme that can be fed with data such as overlay of rainfall, cleared land, and erosion. Metadata Directories such as NDAR in Australia provides information on Australian natural resources such as water, soils, fisheries, and vegetation. The only limitation to these is the potential for subjective input and access to data manipulation. The Natural Resources Management Audit Frameworks, on the other hand, is designed by the. The framework was published specifically to help with the management of natural resource and to support the formation of a performance audit role in the governance of natural resource management on regional level.
The audit framework is established based on other audit methodologies that are more established, including performance audit, internal audit, and environmental audit. The audits that have been undertaken with use of this framework will provide assurance for stakeholders, help with the identification of areas that need improvement, and describes policy expectations for the public in general. The Australian Government has also formed a framework meant to audit greenhouse emissions and energy reporting, which goes along with Australian Standards for Assurance Engagements.